MariaDB is a fork of the MySQL; it is notable for being led by the original developers of MySQL and is community-developed. The original developers forked it due to concerns over its acquisition by Oracle.
MariaDB intends to be a “drop-in” replacement for MySQL, ensuring capability with library binary and matching with MySQL APIs and commands. Making it extremely easy for current MySQL User/Administrator to switch over with little to no difference in how they use it.
It includes the XtraDB storage engine an enhanced version of the InnoDB storage engine. XtraDB is designed to better scale on modern hardware and includes a variety of other features useful in high-performance environments. To top it off XtraDB is backwards compatible with the standard InnoDB, make it a good “drop-in” replacement.
Installational is pretty straight forward and very similar to installing MySQL. I prefer to install package with yum. So the first thing it to add the MariaDB yum repo.
Pick your favorite editor and added the following file.
# MariaDB 10.1 CentOS repository list - created 2017-03-03 18:33 UTC # http://downloads.mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/ [mariadb] name = MariaDB baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.1/centos6-amd64 gpgkey=https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB gpgcheck=1
Now run the following.
[rhosto@localhost ~]$ sudo yum clean all [rhosto@localhost ~]$ sudo yum install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client
Now we can start the service.
[rhosto@localhost ~]$ sudo service mysql start
Next I strongly recommend running ‘/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation’. Which will set the MariaDB root user password and give you the option of removing the test databases and anonymous user created by default.
[rhosto@localhost ~]$ sudo /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank, so you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
Now verify that it will startup on reboot.
[rhosto@localhost ~]$ sudo chkconfig --list mysql mysql 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off
And you are good to go.
[rhosto@localhost ~]$ mysql -u root -p Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 11 Server version: 10.1.21-MariaDB MariaDB Server Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>